Robbie Andrew, CICERO Center for International Climate Research

Indian energy and emissions data

Last update: 24 September 2022

Suggested citation:

Andrew, R. 2022: "Indian Energy and Emissions Data", available at: https://robbieandrew.github.io/india/ (last access: 24 September 2022).

These data were originally collated for preparation of the following article:

Andrew, R. 2020: "Timely estimates of India's annual and monthly fossil CO2 emissions", Earth System Science Data 12, 2411–2421, DOI: 10.5194/essd-12-2411-2020 (open access).

Coal production: Total
August 2022
58.3
Mt
Highest ever for August
up 8.2% from August 2021
Coal imports
August 2022
21.9
Mt
Highest ever for August
up 48.2% from August 2021
Solar power generation
August 2022
7.0
TWh
Highest ever for August
up 32.0% from August 2021
Wind power generation
August 2022
8.8
TWh
Third-highest ever for August
down -0.9% from August 2021
Power demand
August 2022
130.4
TWh
Highest ever for August
up 0.6% from August 2021
Diesel consumption
August 2022
6.34
Mt
Highest ever for August
up 13.0% from August 2021
Population
September 2022
1.42
billion
 

The figures here show just some examples of the data present in the CSV files.

Monthly activity data

143 monthly time series in one file.

These monthly data cover coal, oil, natural gas, cement production, and more, and are collated from many different sources as described in the JSON metadata file.

CSV data file | JSON metadata file | Zip archive (both files)

Monthly coal import data

Monthly imports of coal by HS code and country (top 16 countries and total) in tonnes.

CSV data file | JSON metadata file | Zip archive (both files)

National electricity capacity data

CSV data file

Daily electricity generation data

There are two sources of daily electricity generation data. POSOCO covers the national grid, while CEA has a slightly broader coverage and therefore shows higher numbers. However, CEA data have not been published in some periods during the pandemic.

POSOCO

Generation by type and demand at regional level and demand at state level.

Data are available from 1 April 2013, although 25 days are missing because of missing or unreadable reports.

CSV data file | JSON metadata file | Zip archive (both files)

Enlarge this figure | View as PNG

State electricity capacity and generation data

See also https://zenodo.org/record/4542834.

Conventional capacity CSV data file | Conventional generation CSV data file | Renewables capacity CSV data file

CEA: Daily linkage station coal stocks

The raw data include many gaps and a number of implausible spikes. The CSV file here includes both the raw data and a processed series that fills gaps and removes spikes. For details, see my paper from 2020.

CSV data file | JSON metadata file | Zip archive (both files)

Enlarge this figure | View as PNG

Monthly CO2 emissions

These are my estimates based on the activity data presented above and using the method described in detail in the paper.

CSV data file | JSON metadata file | Zip archive (both files)

Enlarge this figure | View as PNG

Cement production

India publishes cement production monthly, but for estimating emissions it's the amount of cement clinker that is important, and national statistics are not kept. Here I've assembled data from a number of sources to try to constrain estimates on clinker production.

These data are annual, while monthly cement production statistics are included in the "Monthly activity data" file (above).

See also "Global CO2 emissions from cement production" at https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.831454.

Excel data file