Robbie Andrew, CICERO

Norway EV sales and related data

New vehicle sales (OFV)

These data have been collated from ofv.no. The full, constantly updated (and enormous) dataset of vehicle registrations is available from the Digitaliseringsdirektoratet.

Monthly data on breakdown of engine types of new vehicle sales in Norway.

Excel data file

For statistics on the car fleet, see elbil.no's website

For daily stats on EV sales by model, see elbilstatistikk.no

For some insight into how EV incentives received an early boost in Norway, see this Twitter thread.

Electric vehicle incentives in Norway

(The following information is extracted verbatim from Fridstrøm & Østli, 2021)

As of 2021 in Norway, there are a dozen different taxes, subsidies and regulations with a bearing on automobile technology choice and climate footprint:

Distance travelled (SSB)

Biofuels

Note that here 'biofuels' refers to liquid bioenergy used as transport fuel (e.g. biodiesel), while 'bioenergy' includes all energy carriers from biological sources.

Selected reports and studies

Slow, fast or extra fast: Exploring decarbonization pathways for road transportation in Norway (2021)

Lasse Fridstrøm and Vegard Østli, TØI Report 1846/2021 (in Norwegian)

Relying on a stock-flow projection model of the Norwegian motor vehicle fleet, we explore certain pathways for decarbonization of domestic road transportation. In our most optimistic scenario, CO2 emissions on the road will come down by 36 percent between 2005 and 2030, before taking account of biofuel use. To achieve a 50 per cent reduction, a biofuel blend-in of 27 percent in 2030 will suffice. The most pessimistic scenario suggests a mere 20 percent emissions cut between 2005 and 2030. In this case, to halve emissions, the biofuel blend-in would have to increase to 47 percent in 2030. A most important incentive is the exemption from value added tax (VAT) for battery electric vehicles (BEVs). Reintroducing VAT on BEVs will reduce their sales by an estimated 30 to 40 percent in 2030.

Who goes electric? Characteristics of electric car ownership in Norway 2011-2017 (2020)

Elisabeth Fevang et al., TØI Report 1780/2020 (in English)

This report characterizes owners of electric vehicles and other passenger cars in Norway based on data from matched administrative registers containing persons and households covering the period 2011-2017. This is the first time such data has been used in a research project on electric vehicles and policies to stimulate purchase and ownership of electric vehicles. We find that electric vehicle owners are more likely to be families with children, live in central areas and have high income and higher education compared to other car owners. Those who face road tolls on their commute to work are also more likely to have an electric vehicle. Over time, owners of electric vehicles have become more similar to other vehicle owners. Those who buy an electric vehicle are more likely than other car buyers to keep their old car, but also this difference has decreased over time.

Reforming Motor Vehicle Taxation in Norway (2019)

Lasse Fridstrøm, TØI Report 1708/2019 (in Norwegian)

The unprecedented speed at which Norwegian automobile buyers have embraced battery electric technology has taken observers, policy makers, stakeholders and even protagonists by surprise. Vehicle electrification in Norway is brought about, not by generous subsidization, but by charging stiff taxes on conventional cars. Zero emission passenger cars are wholly exempt of registration tax, annual ownership tax, fuel tax and even value added tax. They are partly exempt of road toll, ferry fares, parking fees and income tax on private use of company cars. As businesses and consumers respond to these fiscal incentives, the tax revenue dwindles, and the market correction effect of fuel tax is more or less obliterated. To curb the negative external effects of tomorrow’s rising road use demand, a brand new vehicle taxation system is needed. A satellite based system of marginal cost road pricing would do the trick, improving on the present motor vehicle taxation system on at least nine different accounts.